2016 Weather Extremes – Hotter and colder than ever

by Linda Kaidan

March 9, 2016             Central Park 77 F

March 9, 2016             48 contiguous states broke record for warmest winter in recorded history

February 15, 2016       NYC record low of 1F

What does this mean?

  • Overall, temperatures are rising much faster than the gloomiest climate models have anticipated.
  • Growing worldwide food shortages will continue to hike up prices for most food products.
  • More people will starve. But many don’t have to because, they can grow food in their own back yards for pennies.

Kmart has fruit and vegetable seeds for $1.59 a pack in their garden department. A pack of Burpee Organic pea seeds can yield about 100 plants. That’s less than 4 cents a plant. It might cost you 5 cents for a tomato plant which can yield 10 to 15 pounds of tomatoes over the course of the summer. That’s right just 1 plant! You can start some plants indoors right now by cutting open a milk container poking some holes underneath, and adding some soil and a seed or 2. Squash, lettuce, tomatoes and kale seem to do well here in the Mohawk Valley. Why don’t you give it a try?

Herkimer’s Fresh Water Wealth – Our World Class Resource

Herkimer’s Fresh Water Wealth

In a world where just under 5 billion people are without water for one month a year, Herkimer has water in abundance. So much so that we seem to be wasting 43 percent of our water annually, according to the Mohawk Valley Authority. A recent audit by the State Comptroller’s Office revealed that almost half of the Mohawk Valley’s drinking water is unaccounted for— 8 to 9 million gallons of water per day.
Audits support the analyses needed for essential infrastructure improvements. “The executive director and plant engineer told us they believe the unaccounted-for water is due to underground leaks caused by an aging water system infrastructure,” the report continued.

Lakes, Rivers and Precipitation in Herkimer County

In our county, we not only get 35 to 45 inches of precipitation per year, but our abundant water resources from The Beaver River, East Canada Creek, West Canada Creek, the Mohawk, and the Independence and Moose rivers provide us a worry-free supply of water. Unlike the rest of the world, the Mohawk Valley is awash in fresh, clean water. ( New York State’s Department of Environmental Conservation provides detailed information on 19 lakes in Herkimer County.)

Great Lakes contain the second largest surface fresh water reserve on our planet

All of New York State is considered part of the Great Lakes Region of United States and Canada. Nearby Lake Ontario is only about a two-hour drive. It is directly accessible via the famous Erie canal. Twenty percent of all the fresh surface water on our planet is in the Great Lakes. This resource provides drinking water to 30 million people in the US and 10 million in Canada. The Toledo Blade calls the Great Lakes Region ground zero for our planet’s water needs.

Is a water pipeline in our future?

Popular Mechanics has a fascinating article on one of the most massive water pipeline projects in human history. China’s Central Water Transport project is expected to extend 786 miles and help to provide clean water to a portion of their 200 million urban dwellers in other parts of the country.
As fresh water vanishes from many places due to climate change, poor management and pollution, more and more people will be looking at our water resources as an essential asset for farming, drinking and manufacturing. Perhaps a pipeline will be in our future too.

Our water is a sought after asset that we must manage wisely

Let’s face it – we all need clean water to live. Water is essential for survival. It is an asset more precious than gold, platinum or oil. The Mohawk Valley’s abundant clean water supply is soon likely to be a strong magnet for new community development, agriculture and industry. Compared to the Silicon Valley, the Mohawk Valley has a secure future of stability and growth. Don’t ever undervalue the enormous water wealth of our village, our county and our region. We have it. And they will come.
Let’s be wise stewards of this vital resource in these times increasing scarcity.

Herkimer Village Solar Energy Pioneer

Herkimer Village Solar Energy Pioneer
This home on Eureka Ave may be a first solar residence in Herkimer Village

A home near the corner of Eureka Ave and Protection Ave is now a Herkimer Village Solar Energy Pioneer. Solar City, an innovative solar panel manufacturer in Buffalo, has installed multiple panels on the roof of 353 Eureka Ave. Solar City is now providing energy to homes at rates equivalent to monthly gas costs. Not only that, you can sell back energy that you don’t use to the power company. According to their building permit, the installation cost about $12,000 and is 10 kW.

Herkimer Village Solar Energy  is  more affordable than ever due to incentive programs. Find out how your neighbors on Eureka Ave are becoming the greenest and thriftiest energy consumers in your community.

NY-Sun Solar Electric Incentive Program

New York’s Energy Research and Development Authority offers cash incentives for residential Photovoltaic (PV) systems that are 25kW or less. Incentives will be available on a first-come, first-serve basis, until December 31, 2023, or until funds are exhausted. Those in low to moderate income households can qualify for additional incentives. A cash incentive of $1.75 per watt to a maximum of 7 KW for residential systems is offered. That means that up to $11,250 is available to eligible installers for the installation of approved, grid-connected solar PV systems. You can get more information at NY-Sun Incentive Program page and also from Solar New York.

For solar water heating systems NY offers a credit of $1.50 per annual kilowatt-hour displaced, capping at $4,000 for residential installations.

With Solar Electric cash incentive and leasing programs it makes sense to investigate how you can save money and help our state achieve a green energy status of #1 in the US.

Federal Tax Credits

There is also a 30 percent federal tax credit for solar electric systems. You can deduct 30% of your solar power system costs from your federal taxes using an investment tax credit (ITC). This credit can be used over a period of years.

Why is it time for Herkimer Village Solar Energy?

Solar City Buffalo, NY, now produces the most efficient roof top solar panels in the world. These panels are produced at their high efficiency high volume facility in NY. With so many incentives, radical improvements in technology and purchasing options available, it makes sense to plan your own solar energy investment.


Mohawk Valley Volunteerism Drives Community Rebirth

Mohawk Valley Volunteerism can transform our community. Perhaps our Herkimer Village officials were embarrassed by derelicts milling about our Main St. area when an investor came to town. They shouldn’t have been. Even some of today’s most affluent cities, like Boston, have seen very hard times. Smart investors know that value is way more than skin deep. The above video shows how a community in Hawaii works together to share information about sustainability and manages events that drive their prosperity, promoting personal growth and self-esteem.

Delights of growing

https://i2.wp.com/smallfarms.cornell.edu/files/2014/12/less-waste-gleaning-12cziv5.jpg?resize=380%2C507habitat volunteers syracuse ny


Habitat for Humanity is an example of an organization that provides the opportunity to learn, help and gain experience. We can also consider our community as an organization that can provide self-help through education and volunteerism. Together we can become a model community for Mohawk Valley redevelopment.

Teaching what we know enriches our community

Rather than be embarrassed by disenfranchisement and economic hardships, we should see a special opportunity. The unskilled, underemployed and unfulfilled in our community can become our most essential assets when we implement high value solutions through community volunteerism. Some call this approach an “each one teach one” philosophy. When individuals in our community volunteer in sharing their knowledge with others they enrich everyone.

Herkimer Village’s nearly 8,000 people have many skills. Some of us know how to do carpentry. There are also farmers, cooks, musicians, dancers and gardeners among us. Others know how to write. By sharing our knowledge and abilities, we can transform our village into a model community.

Take the first step towards community self-improvement

We wouldn’t be the first to take this important step in community self-improvement. In an impoverished corner of India, under a bridge and without a classroom, two shopkeepers are teaching 200 young students who otherwise wouldn’t receive an education. These unpaid teachers are sharing their knowledge. The space is free and the students eager to learn.

It’s easy to begin this process of community improvement through Mohawk Valley Volunteerism. Are you willing to be a volunteer? Are you willing to be a student? What would you like to teach or learn? Can you share land or space? Let’s bring our talents together now! Write to me at herkimerpost@gmail.com and let me know what you think.


Linda Kaidan





NY Regional Temperature Change


Detailed information on NY regional temperature change is easy to find. Are you curious about local temperature trends over the last ten years? Global warming is on our minds quite a bit these days. Getting the facts about your area will help you be prepared for change. You can obtain historical weather data from the National Climate Data Center for free and you don’t need to write a program to understand it.

Continue reading “NY Regional Temperature Change”

Climate Change Survival

Space shades can defend us from global warming
Space shades can defend us from global warming

Climate change survival is an attainable goal that requires the hard work of communities, industries, educational institutions and governments worldwide. In 1000 years, life on this planet will be extinct unless we make sensible changes to the way we live, starting now. One of the most eminent scientists on our planet, England’s Stephen Hawking, has told us that 1000 years from now our planet Earth will have an atmosphere quite similar to that of Venus if we do not take appropriate action. Continue reading “Climate Change Survival”

Why farm chickens in our yards?

Farm chickens in your yard can keep your garden healthy and your food costs manageable. A young urban California farmer shows successful chicken farming at its best.
Chicken farming in your urban area should be available to everyone. In Los Angeles, chicken farming is allowed for those with a minimum of about 1/3 acre of land. New York City is much less restrictive, but even so, for those of us who travel a bit, tending farm animals can be a challenge. Enter the concept of community farming that allows just about everyone to participate in raising chickens.

According to RodalesOrganicLife there are many benefits to backyard chicken raising:
• Landfill costs are significantly lower because chickens eat scraps that won’t add to urban waste. It’s been estimated that for every 2,000 households raising three hens each, as much as 252 tons of waste can be trimmed from landfills.
• Most of us like to keep our backyards free of pesky insect like ticks, flies and mosquitoes. Chickens love to eat nutrient-rich insects and weeds. They can help to keep your backyard pest free.
• Chickens keep your garden healthy by fertilizing your soil and tilling it to a depth of six inches. Some farmers move their coops around to best enhance all their garden’s soil.
• Chickens make adorable pet therapists for urban farmers of any age. Try giving a chicken a hug to see why.
Urban NY City backyard and rooftop farmers highly recommend raising chickens.

With so many city farmers enjoying chicken farming, let’s make some goals:
Allow backyard chickens. It happens in California, New York City and Providence, RI – why not here?
Let’s begin our own Herkimer Village Community Garden. Many bigger cities like New York and Boston have community gardens. With so much land available in Herkimer, let’s start our own community gardens right away. We should be able to get some funding from the Department of Agriculture and if that’s not enough, we can try crowd funding.
Let’s make Herkimer, New York a real winner in urban farming development. Let’s start with Herkimer Village.

Mohawk Valley Targeted By Major Solar Energy Investors

Elon Musk Targets Mohawk ValleyWhy has Elon Musk, environmentalist, survivalist, billionaire and chairman of Solar City decided to invest his money in Upstate New York?

Musk’s goal is to create state-of-the-art solar panels that beat the competition (dirty energy) hands down, with added features such as easy of configuration and a streamlined, attractive appearance. A new manufacturing plant being built in Buffalo plans on adding 1,460 new jobs for its huge operations. Hiring has already begun.

SUNY has suffered from high energy costs ranging up to 50% more than those of the rest of the country. Enter the solution: Technology experts.

SUNY’s Green Incubator will develop an integrated network of energy specialists from academia, industry, government, and the public policy arena who will fast-track our strategies, putting us on the leading edge of opportunities. And we will tap into more and different kinds of financing— including venture capital and angel investment funding—to place New York at the forefront of the clean energy economy.”

Elon Musk isn’t just any billionaire. He has a PhD from Stanford in physics, is the CEO of Tesla Motors and a co-founder of PayPal and SpaceX. As both a scientist and an astute investor, he knows how vital green energy is to our survival and has been investing in solar related products throughout the Mohawk Valley. Not coincidentally, Musk believes climate change will unleash massive migrations of displaced populations into global warming survival belts, such as New York’s Mohawk Valley.

Solar City is shifting its production base to Buffalo to improve control over supply. Their goal is to become a fully integrated residential and commercial provider.

Solar City Herkimer

New York State has expanded the growth of solar energy, which tripled between 2011 and 2014, bringing lower energy costs for both commercial and residential applications. Solar City will be constructing two solar arrays on 10 acres of land adjacent to Herkimer Community College. On June 24, 2015, the Herkimer County Industrial Development Agency passed a resolution to allow the $3.5 million project to move forward. Already been approved by the Herkimer County Legislature, the solar arrays are expected to save the Herkimer County and SUNY Herkimer $80,000 each per year.
New York’s focus on technology is realized in local programs. $191 million Zero Energy Nanotechnology (ZEN) building in Albany is a world-class laboratory for clean and renewable energy technologies. The result of New York’s visionary investment of billions of dollars in this green technology will be thousands of jobs, groundbreaking programs and research, and the capacity to train and create a skilled local workforce.

New York is fast becoming a green energy leader, pulling way ahead of most other states. And much of that innovation will come from here in Upstate New York and the Mohawk Valley.

Problems Nano Technology Can Solve


Miracle substances made from nano-sized material can help us live longer despite serious disease, and can help save our planet from the devastating effects of climate change. Products made from these materials will be researched, designed and produced in the Mohawk Valley of New York.

Graphene is a two-dimensional material made from carbon. In 2010, groundbreaking experimentation with this substance won Konstantin Novoselov and Andre Geim the Nobel Prize in Physics. A stellar performer in material science, graphene’s electrical, chemical, mechanical and optical properties make it a miracle for innovators in many different fields.

Carbon in graphene is one atom thick, a hexagonal lattice with a single carbon atom at each of its 6 vertices. It’s ironic that a way to overcome the long-term threat to life on Earth posed by climate change is by using the very material that all life on Earth is made from, carbon.

A recent MIT tech review article discusses how super thin graphene can mitigate climate change. Graphene may be the catalyst to protecting us from slow death by  global warming. Graphene traps the carbon that contributes to CO2 pollution and the greenhouse effect—a process that’s causing average temperatures to rise all over the Earth.Through the process of graphene sequestering, this seemingly miraculous material will convert the harmful CO2 it captures into a valuable building material.

Researchers are optimistic about graphene’s huge potential for reducing atmospheric temperature. They calculate that given an area less than 10 percent of the size of the Sahara Desert, the method could remove enough carbon dioxide to make global atmospheric levels return to preindustrial levels within 10 years, even if we keep emitting the greenhouse gas at a high rate during that period.

Another nano-filter solution of global impact is desalination. Many parts of our planet are experiencing severe drought. California has long been a region where much of US produce is grown. But California’s devastating water shortage may severely impact its agricultural production.  With graphene, though, large scale and inexpensive desalination can come to the rescue.Reuters reports that defense contractor Lockheed Martin is developing graphene filters to cleanse wastewater contaminated by oil, using sheets with precisely designed openings of 1 nanometer, a one-atom thick membrane.

Graphene sheets can be produced with precisely-sized holes as small as 1 nanometer, or a billionth of a meter (0.000000001, or 10-9 meters). Lockheed eventually plans on also applying this technology to desalination. The methodology has proven successful, but further refinement  is needed to make the solution cost effective.

Filtering carbon from the atmosphere and removing salt and contaminants from ocean water are critical uses of graphene, an incredibly versatile nano material vital to solving some of the earth’s most pressing problems.

Linda Kaidan

Mohawk Valley Water

mohawk river valley Mohawk River Mohawk Valley water will likely save us from experiencing events like the 134,000 acre wildfire in California, where 13,000 people are now being evacuated. Fueled by dry vegetation from a relentless drought, these fires seems to signal the start of an epoch dry period Northern CA must now address differently than in the past. It’s not just California’s problem, it’s a problem for the majority of the US residents–California’s Central Valley produces 2/3 of all the produce grown in the US. Northern California is home to a vital national resource, the Silicon Valley, where new technology is incubated and produced for worldwide use. Computer and biotech industries cluster about the San Francisco Bay area. Their vibrancy reflects that of the California economy, which in 2014 was the world’s eighth largest. With California’s ever-increasing droughts and with wildfires burning with only limited control, it seems reasonable to ask:

  • Why is California so dry, and is this trend likely to continue?
  • How can this precipitous state of instability be contained so that precious resources are not further endangered?

Too Dry

In 2014 the New York Times reported that 17 California rural communities providing water to 40,000 people were within four months of running out of water. The situation hasn’t improved. Agricultural demands, home consumption and landscaping requirements have increased even as water resources continue to diminish. And people have often proven unresponsive to conservation needs, allowing water guzzlers to grab more than their fair share. California’s 2014 rainfall year ended with one of the lowest rainfalls since the 1920’s.

A more stable California

Because California has limited water resources and a high population density, it makes sense to do things differently. Californians love their state, but they also need enough water for their needs and safety from dangerous and uncontrollable wild fires. On the upside, it seems desalination is coming to the fore to increase available fresh water. High tech materials like graphene may also make the production of abundant fresh water from the ocean possible on a broad scale. More effective waste water recycling is possible–Australia has shown us the way, with the largest recycling plant of its kind anywhere.

Moving to a greener place

Today’s industries have become adept at decentralizing, with workers telecommuting from anywhere on the planet. Mobile technology is widely and available to people and companies at reasonable cost. (Google, provider of the world’s most popular search engine, has decided to penalize website rankings for those who have mobile unfriendly layouts.)

A new beginning that works better

It makes sense for companies to be located where there’s excellent transportation, services and resources, including abundant water and natural beauty. Herkimer and other towns in the Mohawk Valley region can provide the safety of a water-rich geography, a technological backbone and a convenient location. One quarter of the total North American population is located within 300 miles of Herkimer County. Andrew Cuomo, Governor of NY, has initiated a $1.5 billion upstate economic development competition.

New York’s upstate regions are battling each other for one of three $500 million prizes. Proposals may be submitted until October 5, 2015. Rebuild and renew in New York’s Mohawk Valley where you’ll find New York’s resources, green energy, seemingly unlimited water supplies and the majestic Adirondack Forest – largest in the US. Embrace the serenity of nature and the resources you need to live well.